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Doxorubicin: Complications

Doxorubicin is a chemotherapy drug that is administered intravenously. It is used in treatment of leukemia, lymphoma, breast cancer, soft tissue sarcoma, multiple myeloma, and other cancers.

Side effects of doxorubicin, similar to other chemotherapy agents, include nausea and vomiting, alopecia, and neutropenia. It can also cause arrhythmias and at high doses carries the risk of developing congestive heart failure and dilated cardiomyopathy. For this reason and because it is red, it has been nicknamed “red death.”