Other Congenital anomalies associated with tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) include VATER and VACTERL associations.
- V – Vertebral anomalies
- A – Anal atresia
- C – Cardiovascular anomalies
- T – Tracheoesophageal fistula
- E – Esophageal atresia
- R – Renal (Kidney) and/or radial anomalies
- L – Limb defects
VACTERL – VATER + C, cardiac, L, limb anomalies
TEF results from failure of division of the foregut from the larynx. About 20% of infants with TEF will have other congenital anomalies. These include :
Cardiac disease (35% of infants with TEF) includes VSD, ASD, Tetralogy of Fallot, AV canal, coarctation of the aorta
Renal or GU anomalies occur in 24%
Limb or skeletal anomalies occur in 13%
TEF repair is urgent, and may be emergent if the respiratory insufficiency is so severe that it would require ventilatory support.
TEF: Assoc anomalies