The National Practitioner Database (NPDB) is an electronic repository of all payments made on behalf of physicians in connection with medical liability settlements or judgments as well as adverse peer review actions against licenses, clinical privileges, and professional society memberships of physicians and other health care practitioners. According to federal law, information on all medical liability payments and on certain adverse actions must be reported to the NPDB. In turn, the NPDB is required to make this information available to hospitals, state licensure boards, some professional societies, and other health care entities under certain circumstances. NPDB reporting requirements
The NPDB collects and disseminates certain information, including:
- Professional liability payments made on behalf of a physician or other health care practitioners.
- Adverse action reports based on a physician or other health care practitioner’s professional competence or conduct that adversely affects privileges for more than 30 days. These actions include reducing, restricting, suspending, revoking, or denying privileges, and also include an entity’s decision not to renew a physician’s or other health care professional’s privileges if the decision was based on competence or professional misconduct. It also includes voluntary surrender of license or restriction of privileges either while under investigation or in lieu of an investigation. Voluntary surrenders relating to retirement, nonpayment of licensure renewal fees, and change to inactive status, if there is not an investigation in progress, are not reportable.
- Disciplinary actions related to competence or professional misconduct taken against a physician’s license, including revocation, suspension, censure, reprimand, probation, and licensure surrender.
- Professional society review actions taken for reasons related to competence or professional misconduct that adversely affect membership in the professional society.
- Medicare and Medicaid exclusion reports containing sanctions against a practitioner from the Medicare program or the Medicaid program due to fraud and abuse.